Title
Brace-enclosed initializer for scalar member of aggregate
Status
cd1
Section
9.4.2 [dcl.init.aggr]
Submitter
Greg Comeau

Created on 2007-05-03.00:00:00 last changed 162 months ago

Messages

Date: 2008-06-15.00:00:00

[Voted into the WP at the June, 2008 meeting as part of paper N2672.]

Date: 2007-10-15.00:00:00

Notes from the October, 2007 meeting:

The initializer-list proposal will resolve this issue when it is adopted.

Date: 2007-07-15.00:00:00

Notes from the July, 2007 meeting:

It was noted that implementations differ in their handling of this construct; however, the issue is long-standing and fairly obscure.

Date: 2020-12-15.00:00:00

C (both C90 and C99) appear to allow a declaration of the form

    struct S { int i; } s = { { 5 } };

in which the initializer of a scalar member of an aggregate can itself be brace-enclosed. The relevant wording from the C99 Standard is found in 6.7.8 paragraph 11:

The initializer for a scalar shall be a single expression, optionally enclosed in braces.

and paragraph 16:

Otherwise, the initializer for an object that has aggregate or union type shall be a brace-enclosed list of initializers for the elements or named members.

The “list of initializers” in paragraph 16 must be a recursive reference to paragraph 11 (that's the only place that describes how an initialized item gets its value from the initializer expression), which would thus make the “brace-enclosed” part of paragraph 11 apply to each of the initializers in the list in paragraph 16 as well.

This appears to be an incompatibility between C and C++: 9.4.2 [dcl.init.aggr] paragraph 11 says,

If the initializer-list begins with a left brace, then the succeeding comma-separated list of initializer-clauses initializes the members of a subaggregate....

which clearly leaves the impression that only a subaggregate may be initialized by a brace-enclosed initializer-clause.

Either the specification in 9.4.2 [dcl.init.aggr] should be changed to allow a brace-enclosed initializer of a scalar member of an aggregate, as in C, or this incompatibility should be listed in Appendix Annex C [diff].

History
Date User Action Args
2008-10-05 00:00:00adminsetstatus: dr -> cd1
2008-07-27 00:00:00adminsetmessages: + msg1744
2008-07-27 00:00:00adminsetstatus: review -> dr
2008-05-18 00:00:00adminsetstatus: open -> review
2007-10-09 00:00:00adminsetmessages: + msg1546
2007-08-05 00:00:00adminsetmessages: + msg1526
2007-05-03 00:00:00admincreate