Title
Is the initializer for a namespace member in the scope of the namespace?
Status
cd1
Section
6.5.3 [basic.lookup.unqual]
Submitter
Mike Miller

Created on 2005-03-24.00:00:00 last changed 162 months ago

Messages

Date: 2006-10-15.00:00:00

[Voted into WP at the October, 2006 meeting.]

Date: 2006-04-15.00:00:00

Proposed resolution (April, 2006):

Add a new paragraph following 6.5.3 [basic.lookup.unqual] paragraph 12:

If a variable member of a namespace is defined outside of the scope of its namespace then any name used in the definition of the variable member (after the declarator-id) is looked up as if the definition of the variable member occurred in its namespace. [Example:

    namespace N {
      int i = 4;
      extern int j;
    }

    int i = 2;

    int N::j = i;	// N::j == 4

β€”end example]

Date: 2005-03-24.00:00:00

Is the following code well-formed?

    namespace N {
      int i;
      extern int j;
    }
    int N::j = i;

The question here is whether the lookup for i in the initializer of N::j finds the declaration in namespace N or not. Implementations differ on this question.

If N::j were a static data member of a class, the answer would be clear: both 6.5.3 [basic.lookup.unqual] paragraph 12 and 9.4 [dcl.init] paragraph 11 say that the initializer β€œis in the scope of the member's class.” There is no such provision for namespace members defined outside the namespace, however.

The reasoning given in 6.5.3 [basic.lookup.unqual] may be instructive:

A name used in the definition of a static data member of class X (11.4.9.3 [class.static.data]) (after the qualified-id of the static member) is looked up as if the name was used in a member function of X.

It is certainly the case that a name used in a function that is a member of a namespace is looked up in that namespace (6.5.3 [basic.lookup.unqual] paragraph 6), regardless of whether the definition is inside or outside that namespace. Initializers for namespace members should probably be looked up the same way.

History
Date User Action Args
2008-10-05 00:00:00adminsetstatus: wp -> cd1
2007-05-06 00:00:00adminsetstatus: dr -> wp
2006-11-05 00:00:00adminsetmessages: + msg1426
2006-11-05 00:00:00adminsetstatus: ready -> dr
2006-04-22 00:00:00adminsetstatus: review -> ready
2005-10-22 00:00:00adminsetmessages: + msg1228
2005-10-22 00:00:00adminsetstatus: open -> review
2005-03-24 00:00:00admincreate